Our Republic Day is finally here and it is time to look back to discover the most essential and royal elements of traditional Indian jewellery and unfold the ethnic fashion of India. The practice of embellishment goes back to the primitive generation that used flowers, beads, carved wood, bones, stones to beautify their looks. Over time, the material used kept on changing, evolving to ivory, copper and semi-precious stones and metals but our rich heritage can be seen in the flower motif which is basic to Indian jewellery designs even today.

To celebrate our Indian culture and its authentic jewellery, let’s explore India’s popular heritage jewellery collection:


Jadau is a technique that uses Polki, Meenakari and Kundan, but the technique varies a bit from Kundan work. Jad implies being embedded and that is the technique used by artisans who craft this style of Jewelry. Jadau style was brought into our country by Mughals and was later perfected by the Indian craftsmen of Rajasthan. Jadau is based on extreme hard work and intricate designs that are done manually. Chokers come from history where we can see various portraits of queens and princesses wear it as a part of their regular dressing. Since the work is done manually using an embedding technique, Jadau sets are unparalleled in terms of their exceptional charm.


Indian shringaar is usually incomplete without embellishing the mehendi tainted fingers with huge royal studded rings. Made up of exquisite jewels and blinding lusture, these studded rings make the hands look complete. Royal culture used to wear such studded rings on a regular basis and the same would often even form a part of their family heritage and heirloom.


The neckpiece got the name ‘Rani Haar’ because of the royal richness and the design of the layered structure. Rani Haars are extravagant in terms of style, length and design. They are usually made up of semi precious or precious stones and metals to give the haar a very royal and rich look. As the name suggests, merely wearing these haars give you the royal queen-like look. Rani Haars are either usually paired up with chokers or designed to include the choker set within, as that adds volume to the overall personality and impact of a rani haar.


Kadas age back to the Mughal empire or even earlier. Traditionally, kadas were made of stone and coated with enamel, studded with uncut diamonds and precious stones etc. The ends of the Kada were of different designs such as of two parrots, twin elephants. The goldsmith carves out the design after which the enamel is painted or brushed and then fixes it in place by fire which is a very difficult art. Kadas are a true symbol of India’s royal heritage. It was often said that a married woman should never roam around with unadorned wrists. This is what made Kadas a popular piece of heritage Indian jewellery.


Temple Jewellery is a popular heritage of South India due to its highly skilled manufacturing and use of pure gold. Temple Jewellery are generally used to adorn gods and goddesses or have effigies of gods and goddesses carved on them. Such temple jhumkis are quite popular for weddings since the carvings are said to bestow blessings and auspiciousness on the bride-to-be. This is actually one of the finest and glorious jewellery arts of our country.

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